Canada spans from North to South more than half of the Northern Hemisphere, Canada is a vast and rugged land, from east to west it stretches almost 4,700 miles (7,560 kilometers) across six time zones. It is the second largest country in the world, but it has only one-half of one percent of the world’s population, Canada’s far north lies in the frozen grip of Arctic, where ice, snow, glacier dominate the landscape, few trees grow in this region. Native Canadians called the First Nation People, live in this region by hunting and fishing.
The British Monarch is the head of State of Canada. The monarch is represented by the Governor General with limited powers. Laws are made by Canada’s elected federal government, which includes a parliament and a prime minister.
Britain’s Quebec Act of 1774 granted Quebec its own legal and religious rights. Despite the concession, many Quebec citizens have logn sought independence. In votes held in 1980 and 1995, Quebec decided to stay in Canada. But the second vote was very close, and the debate is still alive.
Canada is a World leader in agricultural productions and telecommunications and energy technologies, since 1500s it has provided fish and furs and natural resources to the world and it is the biggest exported to United States.
Education system in Canada is generally divided into primary education, followed by secondary and post-secondary. Within the provinces under the ministry of education, there are district school boards administering the educational programs. Education is compulsory upto the age of 16 in every province in Canada, except for Manitoba, Ontario and New Brunswick, where the compulsory age is 18, or as soon as high school diploma has been achieved. Insome provinces early leaving exemptions can be granted under certain circumstatnces at 14. Canada generally has 190 (180 in Quebec) school days in the year, officially starting from September (after Labour Day) to the end of June (usually the last Friday of the month, except in Quebec when it is just before June 24- the provincial holiday).